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27 August 2008 Validation of the IASI temperature and water vapor profile retrievals by correlative radiosondes
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The METOP-A satellite Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer (IASI) Level 2 products comprise retrievals of vertical profiles of temperature and water vapor. The L2 data were validated through assessment of their error covariances and biases using radiosonde data for the reference. The radiosonde data set includes dedicated launches as well as the ones performed at regular synoptic times at Lindenberg station (Germany). For optimal error estimate the linear statistical Validation Assessment Model (VAM) was used. The model establishes relation between the compared satellite and reference measurements based on their relations to the true atmospheric state. The VAM utilizes IASI averaging kernels and statistical characteristics of the ensembles of the reference data to allow for finite vertical resolution of the retrievals and spatial and temporal non-coincidence. For temperature retrievals expected and assessed errors are in good agreement; error variances/rms of a single FOV retrieval are 1K between 800 - 300 mb with an increase to ~1K in tropopause and ~2K at the surface, possibly due to wrong surface parameters and undetected clouds/haze. Bias against radiosondes oscillates within ±0 5K . between 950 - 100 mb. As for water vapor, its highly variable complex spatial structure does not allow assessment of retrieval errors with the same degree of accuracy as for temperature. Error variances/rms of a single FOV relative humidity retrieval are between 10 - 13% RH in the 800 - 300 mb range.
© (2008) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Nikita Pougatchev, Thomas August, Xavier Calbet, Tim Hultberg, Osoji Oduleye, Peter Schlüssel, Bernd Stiller, Karen St. Germain, and Gail Bingham "Validation of the IASI temperature and water vapor profile retrievals by correlative radiosondes", Proc. SPIE 7081, Earth Observing Systems XIII, 70810J (27 August 2008);

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