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27 February 2009 Chromium doped ZnSe and ZnS gain media for optically and electrically pumped mid-IR lasers
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We report methods of fabrication and laser-spectroscopic characterization of mid-IR gain media based on micron size Cr2+:ZnSe/ZnS powders, as well as Cr2+:ZnSe/ZnS doped fluorocarbon polymer films, and perfluorocarbon liquids. All samples demonstrated strong mid-IR luminescence over 2000-3000nm spectral range under optical 1700nm excitation. The random lasing of the doped liquids and polymer films was realized with pump energy density of 100 and 15mJ/cm2, respectively. Previously we have demonstrated mid-IR electroluminescence of Cr:ZnSe with n-conductivity provided by thermal diffusion of Al and Zn. However, the formation of conductivity was accompanied by compensation of the Cr2+ optical centers and relatively weak chromium electroluminescence. In this paper we report study of the Cr2+ compensation in the crystals co-doped with donor and acceptor impurities. Optical and electrical characterization of Cr:ZnSe crystals with Ag, Cu, Al, In, and Zn co-dopants were studied to optimize mid-IR electroluminescens of the Cr2+ ions. The best results were obtained with p-conductive Ag:Cr:ZnSe samples featuring a low 600 Ωcm resistivity. First mid-IR electroluminescence in presumable p-type Ag:Cr:ZnSe was demonstrated, which could prove valuable for developing laser diodes that function in this spectral region.
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C. Kim, J. M. Peppers, D. V. Martyshkin, V. V. Fedorov, and S. B. Mirov "Chromium doped ZnSe and ZnS gain media for optically and electrically pumped mid-IR lasers", Proc. SPIE 7193, Solid State Lasers XVIII: Technology and Devices, 71932R (27 February 2009);

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