We fabricated the high efficiency white LEDs. The white LEDs, the yellow YAG-phosphors-coated small-size (290µm × 500µm) blue LED, designed for minimizing forward voltage. At a forward current of 20mA, the luminous flux, the forward voltage (Vf), the correlated color temperature (Tcp), the luminous efficiency, and the wall-plug efficiency (WPE) are 9.5lm, 2.8V, 5193K, 169Lm/W, and 50.8%, respectively. The high-power white LEDs were fabricated from the larger-size (1mm × 1mm) blue LED chips with the output power of 651mW at 350mA. Flux, Vf, Tcp, luminous efficiency, and WPE of the high-power white LED are 145Lm, 3.09V, 4988K, 134Lm/W, and 39.5%, respectively, at 350mA. This power white LEDs showed total flux of 361Lm at 1A. Moreover, we succeeded in developing high-power and high-efficiency blue laser diodes (LDs) with an emission wavelength at 445nm range by using GaN-based materials. This achievement leads to the full-color laser display applications. We fabricated multi-transverse mode LDs by a single emitter, and adopting φ9mm packages for the reduction of the thermal resistance. The typical optical-output power, voltage and wall-plug efficiency of the LDs at forward current of 1.0A at a temperature of 25ºC was 1.17W, 4.81V and 24.3%, respectively. The catastrophic optical damage at the facets of these LDs did not appear up to 3W in the optical output power. The estimated lifetime of the LDs at a temperature of 25ºC under continuous-wave operation 1.0A in automatic current control condition was over 30,000 hours.