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3 March 2009 Computer-aided detection of HER2 amplification status using FISH images: a preliminary study
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Proceedings Volume 7260, Medical Imaging 2009: Computer-Aided Diagnosis; 726028 (2009)
Event: SPIE Medical Imaging, 2009, Lake Buena Vista (Orlando Area), Florida, United States
The amplification status of human epidermal growth factor receptors 2 (HER2) genes is strongly associated with clinical outcome in patients with breast cancer. The American Society of Clinical Oncology Tumor Marker Guidelines Panel has recommended routine testing of HER2 status on all newly diagnosed metastatic breast cancers since 2001. Although fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) technology provides superior accuracy as compared with other approaches, current manual FISH analysis methods are somewhat subjective, tedious, and may introduce interreader variability. The goal of this preliminary study is to develop and test a computer-aided detection (CAD) scheme to assess HER2 status using FISH images. Forty FISH images were selected for this study from our genetic laboratory. The CAD scheme first applies an adaptive, iterative threshold method followed by a labeling algorithm to segment cells of possible interest. A set of classification rules is then used to identify analyzable interphase cells and discard nonanalyzable cells due to cell overlapping and/or other image staining debris (or artifacts). The scheme then maps the detected analyzable cells onto two other gray scale images corresponding to the red and green color of the original image followed by application of a raster scan and labeling algorithms to separately detect the HER-2/neu ("red") and CEP17 ("green") FISH signals. A simple distance based criterion is applied to detect and merge split FISH signals within each cell. The CAD scheme computes the ratio between independent "red" and "green" FISH signals of all analyzable cells identified on an image. If the ratio is ≥ 2.0, the FISH image is assumed to have been acquired from a HER2+ case; otherwise, the FISH image is assumed to have been acquired from HER2- case. When we applied the CAD scheme to the testing dataset, the average computed HER2 amplification ratios were 1.06±0.25 and 2.53±0.81 for HER2- and HER2+ samples, respectively. The results show that the CAD scheme has the ability to automatically detect HER2 status using FISH images. The success of CAD-guided FISH image analysis could result in a more objective, consistent, and efficient approach in determining HER2 status of breast cancers.
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Bin Zheng, Xiao-Hui Wang, Urvashi Surti, Rohit Bhargava, and David Gur "Computer-aided detection of HER2 amplification status using FISH images: a preliminary study", Proc. SPIE 7260, Medical Imaging 2009: Computer-Aided Diagnosis, 726028 (3 March 2009);

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