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8 April 2009 Nondestructive inspection of reinforced concrete structures
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This paper explores the feasibility of detecting and quantifying corrosion and delamination (separation) at the interface between reinforcing steel bars and concrete using ultrasonic guided waves. The problem of corrosion of the reinforcing steel in structures has increased significantly with time. Concrete is strengthened by the inclusion of the reinforcement steel such as deformed or corrugated steel bars. Bonding between the two materials plays a vital role in maximizing performance capacity of the structural members. Corrosion of reinforcing steel has led to premature deterioration of many concrete members before their design life is attained. It is therefore, important to be able to detect and measure the level of corrosion in reinforcing steel or delamination at the interface. The development and implementation of damage detection strategies, and the continuous health assessment of concrete structures then become a matter of utmost importance. The ultimate goal is to develop a nondestructive testing technique to quantify the amount of corrosion in the reinforcing steel. The guided mechanical wave approach has been explored towards the development of such methodology. The ultrasonic waves, specifically cylindrical guided waves, can propagate a long distance along the reinforcing steel bars and have been found to be sensitive to the interface conditions between steel bars and concrete. Ultrasonic transducers are used to launch and detect cylindrical guided waves along the steel bar.
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Tri Huu Miller, Tamaki Yanagita, Tribikram Kundu, Julian Grill, and Wolfgang Grill "Nondestructive inspection of reinforced concrete structures", Proc. SPIE 7295, Health Monitoring of Structural and Biological Systems 2009, 72950M (8 April 2009);

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