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7 May 2009 Terahertz radiation from the interaction of laser pulses with gas target
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Terahertz (THz) radiation from the interaction of ultrashort laser pulses with gases is studied both theoretically and experimentally. We theoretically study the THz generation based on transient ionization current model and give the relation between the final THz field and the initial transient ionization current. Recent experimental results on optimization of THz radiation in laser air interaction are also shown. We find by use of a simple aperture to change the laser field distribution, the terahertz wave amplitudes can be enhanced by more than eight times than those of aperture-free cases. We use two dimensional particle-in-cell codes to simulate the experiments and give possible explanations.
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Min Chen, Alexander Pukhov, Xiao-Yu Peng, Oswald Willi, Zheng-Ming Sheng, and Jie Zhang "Terahertz radiation from the interaction of laser pulses with gas target", Proc. SPIE 7359, Harnessing Relativistic Plasma Waves as Novel Radiation Sources from Terahertz to X-Rays and Beyond, 735912 (7 May 2009);

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