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24 November 2010 3D Monte Carlo model of optical transport in laser-irradiated cutaneous vascular malformations
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Proceedings Volume 7376, Laser Applications in Life Sciences; 737608 (2010) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.871058
Event: Laser Applications in Life Sciences 2010, 2010, Oulu, Finland
Abstract
We have developed a three-dimensional Monte Carlo (MC) model of optical transport in skin and applied it to analysis of port wine stain treatment with sequential laser irradiation and intermittent cryogen spray cooling. Our MC model extends the approaches of the popular multi-layer model by Wang et al.1 to three dimensions, thus allowing treatment of skin inclusions with more complex geometries and arbitrary irradiation patterns. To overcome the obvious drawbacks of either "escape" or "mirror" boundary conditions at the lateral boundaries of the finely discretized volume of interest (VOI), photons exiting the VOI are propagated in laterally infinite tissue layers with appropriate optical properties, until they loose all their energy, escape into the air, or return to the VOI, but the energy deposition outside of the VOI is not computed and recorded. After discussing the selection of tissue parameters, we apply the model to analysis of blood photocoagulation and collateral thermal damage in treatment of port wine stain (PWS) lesions with sequential laser irradiation and intermittent cryogen spray cooling.
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Boris Majaron, Matija Milanič, Wangcun Jia, and J. Stuart Nelson "3D Monte Carlo model of optical transport in laser-irradiated cutaneous vascular malformations", Proc. SPIE 7376, Laser Applications in Life Sciences, 737608 (24 November 2010); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.871058
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