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4 August 2009 Images and evaluation of middle-wave infrared polarization imaging system
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The initial images and the corresponding evaluation of a MWIR polarization imaging system are discussed in this paper. This MWIR polarization imaging system consists of an objective, two folded mirrors, a polarimetric analyzer, a relay lens, a MCT 320×256 FPA with 30μm pitch and 3.7~4.8μm spectral region. The effective focal length of the re-imaging objective is 185mm, F-number is 4.0 and the polarimetric analyzer is located in the parallel light. When the analyzer is rotated to four different degrees, that of 00, 450, 900 and 1350, a set of four original infrared intensity images is acquired, then the Stokes vector's elements of I, Q, U and the degree of linear polarization P of the incident radiation from remote scene can be solved. After that, several methods are taken to process the polarization information mentioned above, such as the I-P fusion, the IQU fusion, the IQU pseudocolor fusion and the IQU pseudocolor fusion by color adjusted. Respectively, the results of fused images are presented. The quantitative evaluations of the MWIR fused images shows that the mean of gray scales has been improved 35%, the standard difference of gray scales has been improved 61% and the gradient of fused images has been improved up to 255%. The results of this paper indicate that the MWIR fused polarization images are much clearer than that of the intensity images in profiles, edges and details of an object, and it can obviously increase the contrast between object interested and the background. The different types of polarimetric images can be displayed by means of image of fused images of different Stokes components gray scales or images of pseudocolor fusion. These results offer multiple choices to the displaying of polarimetric images. The different methods of polarimetric fused image can product different results. The results show polarimetric images contain new and useful information that is not obtainable from the intensity images.
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Can-jun Xu, Lan Su, Gen-yuan Yang, Jin-song Zhao, Yi Cai, and Shun-chen Pan "Images and evaluation of middle-wave infrared polarization imaging system", Proc. SPIE 7383, International Symposium on Photoelectronic Detection and Imaging 2009: Advances in Infrared Imaging and Applications, 73833O (4 August 2009);

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