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11 August 2009 Deformable mirrors: design fundamentals for force actuation of continuous facesheets
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Adaptive Optics is established as essential technology in current and future ground based (extremely) large telescopes to compensate for atmospheric turbulence. Deformable mirrors for astronomic purposes have a high number of actuators (> 10k), a relatively large stroke (> 10μm) on a small spacing (< 10mm) and a high control bandwidth (> 100Hz). The availability of piezoelectric ceramics as an actuator principle has driven the development of many adaptive deformable mirrors towards inappropriately stiff displacement actuation. This, while the use of force actuation supersedes piezos in performance and longevity while being less costly per channel by a factor of 10-20. This paper presents a model which is independent of the actuator type used for actuation of continuous facesheet deformable mirrors, to study the design parameters such as: actuator spacing & coupling, influence function, peak-valley stroke, dynamical behavior: global & local, etc. The model is validated using finite element simulations and its parameters are used to derive design fundamentals for optimization.
© (2009) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
S. K. Ravensbergen, R. F. H. M. Hamelinck, P. C. J. N. Rosielle, and M. Steinbuch "Deformable mirrors: design fundamentals for force actuation of continuous facesheets", Proc. SPIE 7466, Advanced Wavefront Control: Methods, Devices, and Applications VII, 74660G (11 August 2009);

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