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18 January 2010 Color DoG: a three-channel color feature detector for embedded systems
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Proceedings Volume 7539, Intelligent Robots and Computer Vision XXVII: Algorithms and Techniques; 75390X (2010) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.841111
Event: IS&T/SPIE Electronic Imaging, 2010, San Jose, California, United States
Abstract
A feature tracker is only as good as the features found by the feature detector. Common feature detectors such as Harris, Sobel, Canny, and Difference of Gaussians convolve an image with a specific kernel in order to identify "corners" or "edges". This convolution requires, however, that the source image contain only one value (or color channel) per pixel. This requirement has reduced the scope of feature detectors, trackers, and descriptors to the set of gray scale (and other single-channel) images. Due to the standard 3-channel RGB representation for color images, highly useful color information is typically discarded or averaged to create a gray scale image that current detectors can operate on. This removes a large amount of useful information from the image. We present in this paper the color Difference of Gaussians algorithm which outperforms the gray scale DoG in number and quality of features found. The color DoG utilizes the YCbCr color space to allow for separated processing of intesity and chrominance values. An embedded vision sensor based on a low power field programmable gate array (FPGA) platform is being developed to process color images using the color DoG with no reduction in processing speed. This low power vision sensor will be well suited for autonomous vehicle applications where size and power consumption are paramount.
© (2010) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Spencer Fowers, Dah Jye Lee, and Doran K. Wilde "Color DoG: a three-channel color feature detector for embedded systems", Proc. SPIE 7539, Intelligent Robots and Computer Vision XXVII: Algorithms and Techniques, 75390X (18 January 2010); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.841111
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