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4 March 2010 Effects of image lag on real-time target tracking in radiotherapy
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There is a concern that image lag may reduce accuracy of real-time target tracking in radiotherapy. This study was performed to investigate influence of image lag on the accuracy of target tracking in radiotherapy. Fluoroscopic images were obtained using a direct type of dynamic flat-panel detector (FPD) system under conditions of target tracking during radiotherapy. The images continued to be read out after X-irradiations and cutoff, and image lag properties in the system were then determined. Subsequently, a tungsten materials plate with a precision edge was mounted on to a motor control device, which provided a constant velocity. The plate was moved into the center of the detector at movement rate of 10 and 20 mm/s, covering lung tumor movement of normal breathing, and MTF and profile curves were measured on the edges covering and uncovering the detector. A lung tumor with blurred edge due to image lag was simulated using the results and then superimposed on breathing chest radiographs of a patient. The moving target with and without image lag was traced using a template-matching technique. In the results, the target could be traced within a margin for error in external radiotherapy. The results indicated that there was no effect of image lag on target tracking in usual breathing speed in a radiotherapy situation. Further studies are required to investigate influence by the other factors, such as exposure dose, target size and shape, imaging rate, and thickness of a patient's body.
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Rie Tanaka, Katsuhiro Ichikawa, Shinichiro Mori, Suguru Dobashi, Motoki Kumagaya, Hiroki Kawashima, Shinichi Morita, and Shigeru Sanada "Effects of image lag on real-time target tracking in radiotherapy", Proc. SPIE 7622, Medical Imaging 2010: Physics of Medical Imaging, 76224S (4 March 2010);

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