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30 March 2010 Photoresist-induced development behavior in DBARCs
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Developer-soluble bottom anti-reflective coating (DBARC) BSI.W09008 has provided promising lithography results with five different 193-nm photoresists, with the accomplishments including 120-nm L/S (1:1) and 130-nm L/S through-pitch (i.e., 1:1, 1:3, and isolated line). This DBARC is not inherently light sensitive and depends on diffusing photoacid from the exposed photoresist for development. With undercutting being an issue for the PAG-less DBARC with some resists, the shapes of 130-nm lines (both dense and isolated) were improved by either a) incorporating a small amount of a base additive in the BSI.W09008 formulation or b) altering the structure of the DBARC's binder polymer. With selected photoresist(s) and/or resist processing conditions, either photoacid diffusion or photoacid activity is inadequate to give DBARC clearance and BSI.W09008 performs more as a dry BARC. The post-development residue obtained from BSI.W09008 on a silicon substrate is much less dependent on the initial DBARC film thickness and the exposure dose than for earlier-generation photosensitive (PS)-DBARC BSI.W07327A, using the same photoresist. BSI.W09008 also gives less post-development residue than BSI.W07327A using the same resist on a silicon nitride substrate at exposure doses of 14-25 mJ/cm2.
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Jim D. Meador, Alice Guerrero, Joyce A. Lowes, Charlyn Stroud, Brandy Carr, Anwei Qin, Carlton Washburn, and Ramil-Marcelo L. Mercado "Photoresist-induced development behavior in DBARCs", Proc. SPIE 7639, Advances in Resist Materials and Processing Technology XXVII, 763926 (30 March 2010);

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