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25 August 1987 Characterization of a New Organosilicon Photoresist
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For a number of years, there has lo'ep. great interest in organometallic based photoresists for use as the top layer in multilevel resist schemes.-' In general, bilevel approaches to lithography are forced upon the industry as a means of planarizing topography for a subsequent patterning step. This pattern is initially defined by exposure and development of a thin top layer (0.3 to 0.5μm) over the thicker bottom layer (1.0 to 2.0μm). (See Figure 1). In a conventional bilevel approach, the chosen bottom layer is photoactive at a wavelength for which the top is relatively opaque. The top level acts as a portable conformable mask (PCM) for image transfer through the bottom layer after its exposure and wet development. By using a silicon containing photoresist on the top image transfer may be accomplished using an oxygen plasma instead of a second exposure and development. The PCM in this case acts as an etch mask by forming a silicon dioxide crust in the plasma which slows the etch rate of the top versus the bottom layer. A generic curve of etch rate of a photoresist versus percent silicon by weight is shown in Figure 2. The shape is similar over a wide range of organosilicon polymers.5,6
© (1987) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Wells C. Cunningham Jr. "Characterization of a New Organosilicon Photoresist", Proc. SPIE 0771, Advances in Resist Technology and Processing IV, (25 August 1987);

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