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15 July 2010 Heterodyne gas cell measurements at 2.9 THz using a quantum cascade laser as local oscillator
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Abstract
High-resolution heterodyne spectrometers operating at above 2 THz are crucial for detecting, e.g., the HD line at 2.7 THz and oxygen OI line at 4.7 THz in astronomy. The potential receiver technology is a combination of a hot electron bolometer (HEB) mixer and a THz quantum cascade laser (QCL) local oscillator (LO).Here we report the first highresolution heterodyne spectroscopy measurement of a gas cell using such a HEB-QCL receiver. The receiver employs a 2.9 THz free-running QCL as local oscillator and a NbN HEB as a mixer. By using methanol (CH3OH) gas as a signal source, we successfully recorded the methanol emission line at 2.92195 THz. Spectral lines at IF frequency at different pressures were measured using a FFTS and well fitted with a Lorentzian profile. Our gas cell measurement is a crucial demonstration of the QCL as LO for practical heterodyne instruments. Together with our other experimental demonstrations, such as using a QCL at 70 K to operate a HEB mixer and the phase locking of a QCL such a receiver is in principle ready for a next step, which is to build a real instrument for any balloon-, air-, and space-borne observatory.
© (2010) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Y. Ren, J. R. Gao, J. N. Hovenier, R. Higgins, W. Zhang, A. Bell, B. Klein, T. M. Klapwijk, S. C. Shi, T.-Y. Kao, S. Kumar, Q. Hu, and J. L. Reno "Heterodyne gas cell measurements at 2.9 THz using a quantum cascade laser as local oscillator", Proc. SPIE 7741, Millimeter, Submillimeter, and Far-Infrared Detectors and Instrumentation for Astronomy V, 774118 (15 July 2010); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.857658
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