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14 October 2010 Photonic crystal fibers based on chalcogenide glasses
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Proceedings Volume 7839, 2nd Workshop on Specialty Optical Fibers and Their Applications (WSOF-2); 78390U (2010) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.876833
Event: Workshop on Specialty Optical Fibers and Their Applications (WSOF-10), 2010, Oaxaca, Mexico
Abstract
Chalcogenide glasses are known for their large transparency in the mid-infrared and their high refractive index (>2). They present also a high non-linear coefficient (n2), 100 to 1000 times larger than for silica, depending on the composition. An original way to obtain single-mode fibers is to design microstructured optical fibers (MOFs). These fibers present unique optical properties thanks to the high degree of freedom in the design of their geometrical structure. A classical method to realize MOFs is the stack-and-draw technique. However, with chalcogenide glasses, that technique induces optical losses at the interfaces in the stack of capillaries. In consequence, we have developed a new casting method to fabricate the chalcogenide preform. This method permits to obtain optical losses around 1 dB/m at 1.55 μm and 0.3 dB/m in the mid-IR region. Various chalcogenide microstructured fibers working in the IR range were prepared in order to take advantage of the non-linear properties of these glasses and of the original MOF properties. For example, fibers with small effective mode area (Aeff < 10 μm2) have been realized to exacerbate the non-linear optical properties. Such fibers will find applications for signal regeneration in telecom, and for the generation of supercontinuum sources. On the contrary, for military applications in the 3-5 and 8-12 μm windows, large effective mode area and single mode fibers have been designed to permit the propagation of high-power gaussian laser beams.
© (2010) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
J. L. Adam, J. Troles, L. Brilland, Q. Coulombier, and T. Chartier "Photonic crystal fibers based on chalcogenide glasses", Proc. SPIE 7839, 2nd Workshop on Specialty Optical Fibers and Their Applications (WSOF-2), 78390U (14 October 2010); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.876833
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