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11 March 2011 Detection and mapping of delays in early cortical folding derived from in utero MRI
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Proceedings Volume 7962, Medical Imaging 2011: Image Processing; 79620O (2011)
Event: SPIE Medical Imaging, 2011, Lake Buena Vista (Orlando), Florida, United States
Understanding human brain development in utero and detecting cortical abnormalities related to specific clinical conditions is an important area of research. In this paper, we describe and evaluate methodology for detection and mapping of delays in early cortical folding from population-based studies of fetal brain anatomies imaged in utero. We use a general linear modeling framework to describe spatiotemporal changes in curvature of the developing brain and explore the ability to detect and localize delays in cortical folding in the presence of uncertainty in estimation of the fetal age. We apply permutation testing to examine which regions of the brain surface provide the most statistical power to detect a given folding delay at a given developmental stage. The presented methodology is evaluated using MR scans of fetuses with normal brain development and gestational ages ranging from 20.57 to 27.86 weeks. This period is critical in early cortical folding and the formation of the primary and secondary sulci. Finally, we demonstrate a clinical application of the framework for detection and localization of folding delays in fetuses with isolated mild ventriculomegaly.
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Piotr A. Habas, Vidya Rajagopalan, Julia A. Scott, Kio Kim, Ahmad Roosta, Francois Rousseau, A. James Barkovich, Orit A. Glenn, and Colin Studholme "Detection and mapping of delays in early cortical folding derived from in utero MRI", Proc. SPIE 7962, Medical Imaging 2011: Image Processing, 79620O (11 March 2011);

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