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6 February 2012 Development of LSPR and SPR sensor for the detection of an anti-cancer drug for chemotherapy
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Proceedings Volume 8234, Plasmonics in Biology and Medicine IX; 82340L (2012)
Event: SPIE BiOS, 2012, San Francisco, California, United States
The anti-cancer drug, methotrexate (MTX) as a strong inhibitor of human dihydrofolate reductase (hDHFR) has been studied in localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) and surface plasmon resonance (SPR) competitive binding assays with folic acid stabilized gold nanoparticles (FA AuNP). The latter with a diameter of 15 nm were prepared in a simple step with sequential characterization using UV-Vis, FTIR, and Raman. A LSPR competitive binding assay between different concentrations of MTX and FA AuNP for hDHFR in solution was designed to quantify MTX by using UV-Vis spectroscopy. Sensitivity of the assay was optimized with respect to both concentrations of the enzyme and FA. The detection and quantification of spiked MTX was demonstrated in phosphate buffer saline and in fetal bovine serum accompanied by solid-phase extraction treatment of the serum. In addition, this assay could also provide as a screening tool for potential inhibitors of hDHFR. In another perspective, MTX was measured in a competitive binding assay with FA AuNP for histidine-tagged hDHFR immobilized on a SPR sensitive surface. In this case, FA AuNP offer a secondary amplification of the analytical response which is indirectly proportional to the concentration of MTX. This alternative approach could contribute to the realization of direct detection of MTX in complex biological fluids. A comparison of characteristics and analytical parameters such as sensitivity, dynamic range and limit of detection between the LSPR and SPR sensing platforms will also be presented. Both assays offer potential in tackling real biological samples for the purpose of monitoring and validating anti-cancer drug levels in human serum during chemotherapy.
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Sandy Shuo Zhao, Olivier R. Bolduc, Damien Y. Colin, Joelle N. Pelletier, and Jean-François Masson "Development of LSPR and SPR sensor for the detection of an anti-cancer drug for chemotherapy", Proc. SPIE 8234, Plasmonics in Biology and Medicine IX, 82340L (6 February 2012);

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