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23 February 2012 Multiclass feature selection for improved pediatric brain tumor segmentation
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Abstract
In our previous work, we showed that fractal-based texture features are effective in detection, segmentation and classification of posterior-fossa (PF) pediatric brain tumor in multimodality MRI. We exploited an information theoretic approach such as Kullback-Leibler Divergence (KLD) for feature selection and ranking different texture features. We further incorporated the feature selection technique with segmentation method such as Expectation Maximization (EM) for segmentation of tumor T and non tumor (NT) tissues. In this work, we extend the two class KLD technique to multiclass for effectively selecting the best features for brain tumor (T), cyst (C) and non tumor (NT). We further obtain segmentation robustness for each tissue types by computing Bay's posterior probabilities and corresponding number of pixels for each tissue segments in MRI patient images. We evaluate improved tumor segmentation robustness using different similarity metric for 5 patients in T1, T2 and FLAIR modalities.
© (2012) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Shaheen Ahmed and Khan M. Iftekharuddin "Multiclass feature selection for improved pediatric brain tumor segmentation", Proc. SPIE 8315, Medical Imaging 2012: Computer-Aided Diagnosis, 83153J (23 February 2012); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.911018
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