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30 January 2012 In-ground optical fibre Bragg grating pressure switch for security applications
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Proceedings Volume 8351, Third Asia Pacific Optical Sensors Conference; 83510N (2012)
Event: Asia Pacific Optical Sensors Conference, 2012, Sydney, Australia
In this study, a fibre Bragg grating (FBG) was embedded beneath three common flooring materials acting as a pressure switch for in-ground intrusion detection. This is achieved using an intensiometric detection system, where a laser diode and FBG were optically mismatched so that there was a static dc offset from the transmitted and reflected optical power signals. As pressure was applied, in the form of a footstep, a strain induced wavelength shift occurred that could then be detected by converting the wavelength shift into an intensity change. The change in intensity caused a significant change in the DC offset which behaved as on optical switch. This switch could easily be configured to trigger an alarm if required. The intention is to use the FBG sensor as an in-ground intrusion detection pressure switch to detect an intruder walking within range of the sensor. This type of intrusion detection system can be applied to both external (in soil, etc) and internal (within the foundations or flooring of the home) security systems. The results show that a person's footstep can clearly be detected through solid wood flooring, laminate flooring, and ceramic floor tiles.
© (2012) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Gary Allwood, Graham Wild, and Steven Hinckley "In-ground optical fibre Bragg grating pressure switch for security applications", Proc. SPIE 8351, Third Asia Pacific Optical Sensors Conference, 83510N (30 January 2012);

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