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18 May 2012 Processing ground-based near-infrared imagery of space shuttle re-entries
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Abstract
Ground-based high-resolution, calibrated, near-infrared (NIR) imagery of the Space Shuttle STS-134 Endeavour during reentry has been obtained as part of NASA's HYTHIRM (Hypersonic Thermodynamic InfraRed Measurements) project. The long-range optical sensor package called MARS (Mobile Aerospace Reconnaissance System) was positioned in advance to acquire and track part of the shuttle re-entry. Imagery was acquired during a few minutes, with the best imagery being processed when the shuttle was at 133 kft at Mach 5.8. This paper describes the processing of the NIR imagery, building upon earlier work from the airborne imagery collections of several prior shuttle missions. Our goal is to calculate the temperature distribution of the shuttle's bottom surface as accurately as possible, considering both random and systematic errors, while maintaining all physical features in the imagery, especially local intensity variations. The processing areas described are: 1) radiometric calibration, 2) improvement of image quality, 3) atmospheric compensation, and 4) conversion to temperature. The computed temperature image will be shown, as well as comparisons with thermocouples at different positions on the shuttle. A discussion of the uncertainties of the temperature estimates using the NIR imagery is also given.
© (2012) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Thomas S. Spisz, Jeff C. Taylor, Stephen W. Kennerly, Kwame Osei-Wusu, David M. Gibson, Thomas J. Horvath, Joseph N. Zalameda, Robert V. Kerns, Edward J. Shea, C. David Mercer, Richard J. Schwartz, Ronald F. Dantowitz, and Marek J. Kozubal "Processing ground-based near-infrared imagery of space shuttle re-entries", Proc. SPIE 8354, Thermosense: Thermal Infrared Applications XXXIV, 83540G (18 May 2012); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.919232
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