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22 May 2012 Readout circuitry for continuous high-rate photon detection with arrays of InP Geiger-mode avalanche photodiodes
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Abstract
An asynchronous readout integrated circuit (ROIC) has been developed for hybridization to a 32x32 array of single-photon sensitive avalanche photodiodes (APDs). The asynchronous ROIC is capable of simultaneous detection and readout of photon times of arrival, with no array blind time. Each pixel in the array is independently operated by a finite state machine that actively quenches an APD upon a photon detection event, and re-biases the device into Geiger mode after a programmable hold-off time. While an individual APD is in hold-off mode, other elements in the array are biased and available to detect photons. This approach enables high pixel refresh frequency (PRF), making the device suitable for applications including optical communications and frequency-agile ladar. A built-in electronic shutter that de-biases the whole array allows the detector to operate in a gated mode or allows for detection to be temporarily disabled. On-chip data reduction reduces the high bandwidth requirements of simultaneous detection and readout. Additional features include programmable single-pixel disable, region of interest processing, and programmable output data rates. State-based on-chip clock gating reduces overall power draw. ROIC operation has been demonstrated with hybridized InP APDs sensitive to 1.06-μm and 1.55-μm wavelength, and fully packaged focal plane arrays (FPAs) have been assembled and characterized.
© (2012) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Jonathan Frechette, Peter J. Grossmann, David E. Busacker, George J. Jordy, Erik K. Duerr, K. Alexander McIntosh, Douglas C. Oakley, Robert J. Bailey, Albert C. Ruff, Michael A. Brattain, Joseph E. Funk, Jason G. MacDonald, and Simon Verghese "Readout circuitry for continuous high-rate photon detection with arrays of InP Geiger-mode avalanche photodiodes", Proc. SPIE 8375, Advanced Photon Counting Techniques VI, 83750W (22 May 2012); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.918131
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