Translator Disclaimer
Paper
12 April 2012 A smart nonharmonic magnetic composite with novel sensor applications
Author Affiliations +
Proceedings Volume 8409, Third International Conference on Smart Materials and Nanotechnology in Engineering; 840926 (2012) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.923386
Event: Third International Conference on Smart Materials and Nanotechnology in Engineering, 2011, Shenzhen, China
Abstract
Floatation or levitation, as well as free suspension are intriguing phenomenon. Both require minimum in energy. However, as Lord Kelvin observed only composite systems of diamagnets with permanent and induced magnets can achieve stable equilibrium. Permanent magnets, in contrast to electromagnets retain their ability to attract and hold magnetic objects without any external energy expenditure. This persistent property similar to superconductors is entirely quantum mechanical. Recently M.V. Berry, A.K. Geim and others have re-instigated interest in the stability criteria of these systems. In this work, stability in the horizontal plane is guaranteed by the localization of the holding field. Smart response gives rise to vertical stability. Smartness causes the net force to be repulsive when the object is too close and attractive when far. Here we report for the first time, the production of smart response in a system with diamagnetic and ferromagnetic constituents. The restoring force, F is strongly asymmetric and non-linear with displacement (z); F(z) is non-harmonic, does not follow hook's law. Two types of diamagnetic materials bismuth and pyrolytic graphite were investigated. Consistent with the higher susceptibility, the later provides a factor of two stronger repulsive forces under ambient conditions. Also, for the first time we show that this smart system is extremely un- harmonic. For stable equilibrium, restoring force is essential and sufficient however harmonic behavior is not essential.
© (2012) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Ming Yin, Stephen Phillips, Huaizhou Zhang, Michael Wescott, Yuencheol Jeong, Timir Datta, and Raphael Tsu "A smart nonharmonic magnetic composite with novel sensor applications", Proc. SPIE 8409, Third International Conference on Smart Materials and Nanotechnology in Engineering, 840926 (12 April 2012); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.923386
PROCEEDINGS
9 PAGES


SHARE
Advertisement
Advertisement
Back to Top