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5 October 2012 CARMENES. I: instrument and survey overview
Andreas Quirrenbach, Pedro J. Amado, Walter Seifert, Miguel A. Sánchez Carrasco, Holger Mandel, Jose A. Caballero, Reinhard Mundt, Ignasi Ribas, Ansgar Reiners, Miguel Abril, Jesus Aceituno, Javier Alonso-Floriano, Matthias Ammler-von Eiff, Guillem Anglada-Escude, Regina Antona Jiménez, Heiko Anwand-Heerwart, David Barrado y Navascués, Santiago Becerril, Victor Bejar, Daniel Benitez, Concepcion Cardenas, Antonio Claret, Josep Colome, Miriam Cortés-Contreras, Stefan Czesla, Carlos del Burgo, Michaela Doellinger, R. Dorda, Stefan Dreizler, Carmen Feiz, Matilde Fernandez, David Galadi, Rafael Garrido, Jonay González Hernández, Josep Guardia, Eike Guenther, Enrique de Guindos, Juan Gutiérrez-Soto, Hans J. Hagen, Artie Hatzes, Peter Hauschildt, Jens Helmling, Thomas Henning, Enrique Herrero, Armin Huber, Klaus Huber, Sandra Jeffers, Viki Joergens, Enrique de Juan, M. Kehr, Alexis Klutsch, Martin Kürster, S. Lalitha, Werner Laun, Ulrike Lemke, Rainer Lenzen, Jean-Louis Lizon, Mauro López del Fresno, Mercedes López-Morales, Javier López-Santiago, Ulrich Mall, Eduardo Martin, Susana Martín-Ruiz, Eduard Mirabet, David Montes, Juan Carlos Morales, Rafael Morales Muñoz, Andres Moya, Vianak Naranjo, Raquel Oreiro, David Pérez Medialdea, Michael Pluto, Ovidio Rabaza, Alejandro Ramon, Rafael Rebolo, Sabine Reffert, Petra Rhode, Hans-Walter Rix, Florian Rodler, Eloy Rodríguez, Cristina Rodríguez López, Emilio Rodríguez Pérez, A. Rodriguez Trinidad, Ralf-Reiner Rohloff, Ernesto Sánchez-Blanco, Jorge Sanz-Forcada, Sebastian Schäfer, Jörg Schiller, Christof Schmidt, Jürgen Schmitt, Enrique Solano, Otmar Stahl, Clemens Storz, Julian Stürmer, Juan Carlos Suarez, Ulrich Thiele, Rainer Ulbrich, Manuela Vidal-Dasilva, Karl Wagner, Johannes Winkler, Wenli Xu, Maria Rosa Zapatero Osorio, Mathias Zechmeister
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Abstract
CARMENES (Calar Alto high-Resolution search for M dwarfs with Exo-earths with Near-infrared and optical Echelle Spectrographs) is a next-generation instrument for the 3.5m telescope at the Calar Alto Observatory, built by a consortium of eleven Spanish and German institutions. The CARMENES instrument consists of two separate échelle spectrographs covering the wavelength range from 0.55 μm to 1.7 μm at a spectral resolution of R = 82, 000, fed by fibers from the Cassegrain focus of the telescope. Both spectrographs are housed in temperature-stabilized vacuum tanks, to enable a long-term 1 m/s radial velocity precision employing a simultaneous calibration with Th-Ne and U-Ne emission line lamps. CARMENES has been optimized for a search for terrestrial planets in the habitable zones (HZs) of low-mass stars, which may well provide our first chance to study environments capable of supporting the development of life outside the Solar System. With its unique combination of optical and near-infrared ´echelle spectrographs, CARMENES will provide better sensitivity for the detection of low-mass planets than any comparable instrument, and a powerful tool for discriminating between genuine planet detections and false positives caused by stellar activity. The CARMENES survey will target 300 M dwarfs in the 2014 to 2018 time frame.
© (2012) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Andreas Quirrenbach, Pedro J. Amado, Walter Seifert, Miguel A. Sánchez Carrasco, Holger Mandel, Jose A. Caballero, Reinhard Mundt, Ignasi Ribas, Ansgar Reiners, Miguel Abril, Jesus Aceituno, Javier Alonso-Floriano, Matthias Ammler-von Eiff, Guillem Anglada-Escude, Regina Antona Jiménez, Heiko Anwand-Heerwart, David Barrado y Navascués, Santiago Becerril, Victor Bejar, Daniel Benitez, Concepcion Cardenas, Antonio Claret, Josep Colome, Miriam Cortés-Contreras, Stefan Czesla, Carlos del Burgo, Michaela Doellinger, R. Dorda, Stefan Dreizler, Carmen Feiz, Matilde Fernandez, David Galadi, Rafael Garrido, Jonay González Hernández, Josep Guardia, Eike Guenther, Enrique de Guindos, Juan Gutiérrez-Soto, Hans J. Hagen, Artie Hatzes, Peter Hauschildt, Jens Helmling, Thomas Henning, Enrique Herrero, Armin Huber, Klaus Huber, Sandra Jeffers, Viki Joergens, Enrique de Juan, M. Kehr, Alexis Klutsch, Martin Kürster, S. Lalitha, Werner Laun, Ulrike Lemke, Rainer Lenzen, Jean-Louis Lizon, Mauro López del Fresno, Mercedes López-Morales, Javier López-Santiago, Ulrich Mall, Eduardo Martin, Susana Martín-Ruiz, Eduard Mirabet, David Montes, Juan Carlos Morales, Rafael Morales Muñoz, Andres Moya, Vianak Naranjo, Raquel Oreiro, David Pérez Medialdea, Michael Pluto, Ovidio Rabaza, Alejandro Ramon, Rafael Rebolo, Sabine Reffert, Petra Rhode, Hans-Walter Rix, Florian Rodler, Eloy Rodríguez, Cristina Rodríguez López, Emilio Rodríguez Pérez, A. Rodriguez Trinidad, Ralf-Reiner Rohloff, Ernesto Sánchez-Blanco, Jorge Sanz-Forcada, Sebastian Schäfer, Jörg Schiller, Christof Schmidt, Jürgen Schmitt, Enrique Solano, Otmar Stahl, Clemens Storz, Julian Stürmer, Juan Carlos Suarez, Ulrich Thiele, Rainer Ulbrich, Manuela Vidal-Dasilva, Karl Wagner, Johannes Winkler, Wenli Xu, Maria Rosa Zapatero Osorio, and Mathias Zechmeister "CARMENES. I: instrument and survey overview", Proc. SPIE 8446, Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy IV, 84460R (5 October 2012); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.925164
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