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15 October 2012 Photochromic film texturing with speckle illumination: application to goods authentication
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Abstract
Thanks to the localized surface plasmon resonance of silver nanoparticles, mesoporous titania films loaded with silver salts manifest a photochromic behavior that can be used to perform updatable laser microinscriptions. Under UV illumination, the silver salts are reduced into silver nanoparticles and the illuminated areas become grey-brown. This coloration can be completely erased by oxidizing the silver nanoparticles with a polychromatic or monochromatic visible light whose spectrum lies in the resonance band of silver nanoparticles. The paper investigates the usage of such photochromic Ag/TiO2 films for creating an updatable random texturing. Random textures are produced on coated glass samples, initially homogeneous, by exposing them to speckle patterns resulting from the scattering of a UV laser beam from an optically rough surface. The stability of such textures under homogeneous UV post-exposures is investigated as a function of the speckle exposure time. Under optimized exposure conditions, the textures remain stable enough for a long time and the differences between textures are sufficiently discriminative to use the texturing process for goods authentication. This is demonstrated by calculating the correlation coefficient of thousands of couples of texture images. The numerical treatment of images has the advantage to be robust to changes in the sample repositioning between different image records. The rewritability of the samples is characterized through the comparison of different textures successively erased and written at the same place on multiple samples.
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Nicolas Crespo-Monteiro, Nathalie Destouches, and Thierry Fournel "Photochromic film texturing with speckle illumination: application to goods authentication", Proc. SPIE 8463, Nanoengineering: Fabrication, Properties, Optics, and Devices IX, 84630H (15 October 2012); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.929820
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