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21 November 2012 Semi-automatic recognition and mapping of event-induced landslides by exploiting multispectral satellite images and DEM in a Bayesian framework
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Abstract
Landslides occur every year in many areas of the world, causing casualties, economic and environmental losses. Landslide inventory maps are important to document the extent of the landslide phenomena in a region, for risk estimation and management, and to study landscape evolution. We present a method to facilitate the semi-automatic recognition and mapping of event induced shallow landslides. The method is based on the combination in a Bayesian framework of information extracted from High Resolution optical multispectral satellite images and Digital Elevation Models (DEM). The landslide membership probability is estimated from post-event satellite images using a supervised image classification method. The likelihood of landslide occurrence is obtained adopting a “data-driven” approach, intersecting existing landslide inventories with maps of morphometric parameters (slope and curvature) calculated from the DEM. We tested the method in the Huaguoshan basin, Taiwan, where it proved capable of detecting and mapping landslides triggered by Typhoon Morakot in August 2009. Compared to other pixel-based approaches, the method reduces significantly the typical “salt-and-pepper” effect of landslide classifications, and allows the internal classification of landslide areas in landslide source areas and landslide travel and depositional (“run out”) areas.
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Alessandro C. Mondini, Kang-tsung Chang, Mauro Rossi, Ivan Marchesini, and Fausto Guzzetti "Semi-automatic recognition and mapping of event-induced landslides by exploiting multispectral satellite images and DEM in a Bayesian framework", Proc. SPIE 8524, Land Surface Remote Sensing, 852415 (21 November 2012); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.977432
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