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22 February 2013 Chirality study inside biological tissue by second harmonic generation circular dichroism
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Many biological systems are composed of chiral molecules and their functions depend strongly on their chirality. For example, most amino acids are of left-handed chirality while most polysaccharides are of right-handed chirality. Both of them are vital for human life, so it is important to perform chiral detection inside bio-tissues. Here we demonstrated second harmonic generation circular dichroism (SHG-CD) as a novel chiral imaging contrast in thick biotissue. Compared with conventional chiral detection, SHG-CD provides at least three orders higher contrast. In addition, due to the nonlinear nature of SHG, this technique provides optical sectioning capability, so the axial contrast is much better. The advantages of nonlinear optical microscopy are optical sectioning and deep penetration capabilities. The SHG-CD achieved 100% signal contrast with sub-micrometer spatial resolution. This method is expected to offer a novel contrast mechanism of imaging chirality inside complex bio-tissues.
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Kuo-Jen Hsu, Hsuan Lee, Guan-Yu Zhuo, Pen-Hsiu Chao, and Shi-Wei Chu "Chirality study inside biological tissue by second harmonic generation circular dichroism", Proc. SPIE 8588, Multiphoton Microscopy in the Biomedical Sciences XIII, 85881W (22 February 2013);

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