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18 March 2013 Automatic segmentation of kidneys from non-contrast CT images using efficient belief propagation
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Proceedings Volume 8670, Medical Imaging 2013: Computer-Aided Diagnosis; 867005 (2013)
Event: SPIE Medical Imaging, 2013, Lake Buena Vista (Orlando Area), Florida, United States
CT colonography (CTC) can increase the chance of detecting high-risk lesions not only within the colon but anywhere in the abdomen with a low cost. Extracolonic findings such as calculi and masses are frequently found in the kidneys on CTC. Accurate kidney segmentation is an important step to detect extracolonic findings in the kidneys. However, noncontrast CTC images make the task of kidney segmentation substantially challenging because the intensity values of kidney parenchyma are similar to those of adjacent structures. In this paper, we present a fully automatic kidney segmentation algorithm to support extracolonic diagnosis from CTC data. It is built upon three major contributions: 1) localize kidney search regions by exploiting the segmented liver and spleen as well as body symmetry; 2) construct a probabilistic shape prior handling the issue of kidney touching other organs; 3) employ efficient belief propagation on the shape prior to extract the kidneys. We evaluated the accuracy of our algorithm on five non-contrast CTC datasets with manual kidney segmentation as the ground-truth. The Dice volume overlaps were 88%/89%, the root-mean-squared errors were 3.4 mm/2.8 mm, and the average surface distances were 2.1 mm/1.9 mm for the left/right kidney respectively. We also validated the robustness on 27 additional CTC cases, and 23 datasets were successfully segmented. In four problematic cases, the segmentation of the left kidney failed due to problems with the spleen segmentation. The results demonstrated that the proposed algorithm could automatically and accurately segment kidneys from CTC images, given the prior correct segmentation of the liver and spleen.
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Jianfei Liu, Marius George Linguraru, Shijun Wang, and Ronald M. Summers "Automatic segmentation of kidneys from non-contrast CT images using efficient belief propagation", Proc. SPIE 8670, Medical Imaging 2013: Computer-Aided Diagnosis, 867005 (18 March 2013);

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