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19 April 2013 Significance of sensor quality in modal identification of a bridge structure
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Advancements in sensing technology have improved the practice of structural health monitoring in different aspects. One of the distinguished developments introduced to the monitoring systems is deployment of wireless technology for data communication in a sensing network. While researchers have shown the effective role of wireless sensor networks in improving the affordability of structural monitoring systems, their possible impact on the reliability and accuracy of the results is still a research question. Some challenges in the design of wireless sensor units, such as the trade-off between the functionality and the power consumption, and also attempts for minimizing the cost, have caused limitations in their architecture which do not necessarily exist in the design of wired systems. On the other hand, depending on the subsequent application of the results of sensing and monitoring, the accuracy of measurements and the level of uncertainty in results can be very important. Therefore, it is necessary to carefully investigate the impact of sensor quality on monitoring results. As an effort towards understanding the effects of sensor quality on the results of structural monitoring, this paper presents and validates a metric, called Physical Contribution Ratio (PCR), which can be used to investigate the influence of measurement noise on modal parameter identification. This parameter in applied for quantification of measurement noise effects on the quality of modal identification of a steel bridge structure. Bridge’s vibration is measured through use of wired and wireless sensors with different sensing qualities and the obtained results are compared through the use of the developed metric.
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Siavash Dorvash and Shamim N. Pakzad "Significance of sensor quality in modal identification of a bridge structure", Proc. SPIE 8692, Sensors and Smart Structures Technologies for Civil, Mechanical, and Aerospace Systems 2013, 869216 (19 April 2013);

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