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19 April 2013 Laser lock-in thermography for fatigue crack detection in an uncoated metallic structure
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This paper presents a noncontact laser lock-in thermography (LLT) technique for surface-breaking fatigue crack detection. LLT utilizes a modulated continuous wave (CW) laser as a heat source for lock-in thermography instead of commonly used flash and halogen lamps. LLT has following merits compared to conventional active thermography techniques: (1) the laser heat source can be precisely positioned at a long distance from a target structure thank to its directionality and low energy loss, (2) a large target structure can be inspected using a scanning laser heat source, (3) no special surface treatment is necessary to measure thermal wavefields and (4) background noises reflected from arbitrary surrounding heat sources can be eliminated. The LLT system is developed by integrating and synchronizing a modulated CW laser, galvanometer and infrared camera. Then, a holder exponent filter is proposed for crack identification, localization and quantification. Test results confirm that a surface-breaking fatigue crack on a steel plate is successfully evaluated using the proposed technique without any special surface treatment.
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Yun-Kyu An, Ji Min Kim, and Hoon Sohn "Laser lock-in thermography for fatigue crack detection in an uncoated metallic structure", Proc. SPIE 8692, Sensors and Smart Structures Technologies for Civil, Mechanical, and Aerospace Systems 2013, 86921K (19 April 2013);

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