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17 October 2013 Ionic high-performance light harvesting and carrier transporting OPV materials
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In this Proceedings paper, we report on the synthesis of a family of polythiophene-based conjugated polyelectrolytes, both homopolymers and random copolymers varying in the building block ratio and counter ions, toward a better fundamental understanding of the structure-property relations of these ionic derivatives in organic photovoltaics. One of the ionic homopolymers was successfully implemented as a donor material in fully solution-processed efficient bi-layer solar cells (up to 1.6% PCE in combination with PC71BM) prepared by the low impact meniscus coating technique. On the other hand, these imidazolium-substituted polythiophenes were also applied as materials for electron transport layers (ETLs), boosting the I-V properties of PCDTBT:PC71BM solar cell devices up to average PCE values of 6.2% (~20% increase), which is notably higher than for previously reported ETL materials. Advanced scanning probe microscopy techniques were used to elucidate the efficiency enhancing mechanism.
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W. Maes, T. Ghoos, J. Kesters, J. Drijkoningen, W. Vanormelingen, O. Malinkiewicz, H. J. Bolink, L. Lutsen, J. Manca, and D. Vanderzande "Ionic high-performance light harvesting and carrier transporting OPV materials", Proc. SPIE 8830, Organic Photovoltaics XIV, 88301A (17 October 2013);

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