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27 September 2013 Mathematical tools for the analysis and exploitation of polarimetric measurements
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Abstract
The measured Mueller matrices contain until sixteen independent parameters for each measurement configuration (spectral profile of the wave probe of the polarimeter, angle of incidence, observation direction...) and for each spatially resolved element of the sample (imaging polarimetry). Thus, the polarimetric techniques are widely used for the study of a great variety of material samples in optics and remote sensing. Nevertheless, the relevant physical information does not appear explicitly in the measured parameters and thus the best knowledge of the structure of the physical information contained in a Mueller matrix is required in order to develop appropriate procedures for the polarimetric analysis. In this paper, the physically invariant polarimetric quantities are identified and decoupled, and the main approaches for serial and parallel decompositions of measured Mueller matrices into simple components are reviewed.
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José J. Gil "Mathematical tools for the analysis and exploitation of polarimetric measurements", Proc. SPIE 8873, Polarization Science and Remote Sensing VI, 887307 (27 September 2013); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2025410
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