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22 October 2013 Waveform simulator and analytical procedure for JAXA's future spaceborne lidar to measure canopy height
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High-accuracy three-dimensional (3D) information of global area is useful in various fields, such as global observations of canopy height, elevation and ice sheet. Especially, there are pressing needs to advance understanding of how changes in the 3D structure of terrestrial vegetation are affecting the global carbon dynamics and their implications for climate change. Thus new space based observations are needed to measure global maps of the 3D structure of vegetation. Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency has started a conceptual study of the spaceborne vegetation LiDAR called MOLI (Multi- Footprint Observation LiDAR and Imager) which will enable us to obtain high-accuracy 3D information of vegetation areas from the globe. To investigate waveforms and analysis procedure, the waveform-simulator for MOLI was developed. Comparing with previous studies about the canopy height estimation from GLAS waveforms, waveform analysis procedure in which waveforms were fitted with a sum of Gaussian functions was studied. The maximum canopy height error was divided into two components; the basic error (EB) which was not depending on terrain index (TI), which was the vertical difference between the highest and lowest elevation within a footprint, and the error depending on TI (ETI). The total error (ETotal) could be RMS of the two. We propose ETotal in which EB is 1 m and ETI is 1/3*TI as a target observation accuracy of MOLI. According to this error estimation, the observation accuracy of MOLI is 1m at a plane area (TI ≈ 0) and 3 m at slope area up to about 20 degree.
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Takashi Kobayashi, Takahiro Endo, Yoshito Sawada, Shigeru Endo, Masato Hayashi, Yohei Satoh, Yoshikazu Chishiki, and Shiro Yamakawa "Waveform simulator and analytical procedure for JAXA's future spaceborne lidar to measure canopy height", Proc. SPIE 8894, Lidar Technologies, Techniques, and Measurements for Atmospheric Remote Sensing IX, 88940C (22 October 2013);

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