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19 March 2014 Feasibility of active sandwich detectors for single-shot dual-energy imaging
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We revisit the doubly-layered sandwich detector configuration for single-shot dual-energy x-ray imaging. In order to understand its proper operation, we investigated the contrast-to-noise performance in terms of the x-ray beam setup using the Monte Carlo methods. Using a pair of active photodiode arrays coupled to phosphor screens, we have built a sandwich detector. For better spectral separation between the projection images obtained from the front and rear detectors during a single x-ray exposure, we inserted a copper sheet between two detectors. We have successfully obtained soft tissue- and bone-enhanced images for a postmortem mouse with the developed sandwich detector using weighted logarithmic subtraction, and the image quality was comparable to those achieved by the conventional kVp-switching technique. Although some problems to be mitigated for the optimal and practical use, for example, the scatter effect and image registration, are still left, the performance of the sandwich detector for single-shot dual-energy x-ray imaging is promising. We expect that the active sandwich detector will provide motion-artifact-free dual-energy images with a reasonable image quality.
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Seungman Yun, Jong Chul Han, Dong Woon Kim, Hanbean Youn, Ho Kyung Kim, Jesse Tanguay, and Ian A. Cunningham "Feasibility of active sandwich detectors for single-shot dual-energy imaging", Proc. SPIE 9033, Medical Imaging 2014: Physics of Medical Imaging, 90335T (19 March 2014);

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