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10 April 2014 Implementation of a self-sensing piezoelectric actuator for vibro-acoustic active control
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Abstract
Significant reduction of airplane interior noise may be obtained by active structural acoustic control (ASAC) of fuselage panels. This requires to accurately measure the vibrations of the aircraft panels while injecting anti-vibrations. Co-located piezoelectric sensors and actuators, spatially distributed on the structure, are an interesting avenue since they can lead to the implementation of distributed virtual impedances. When the same piezoelectric device is used to simultaneously measure and actuate, it is called a self-sensing piezoelectric actuator (SSPA). When a SSPA is submitted to a voltage, the measured current is the sum of the electric current due to the capacitive effect of the transducer plus the mechanical current induced by the strain of the structure. The latter is an order of magnitude smaller than the total current measured. Provided the measured current is digitized with sufficient accuracy, adequate numerical processing can subtract the capacitive current from the total measured current. A similar processing can also be used to subtract from the sensor information, near-field vibrations induced by the collocated actuator. Hence, information related to the global, vibrational flexural modes of the plate is extracted without complicated electronics. The numerical method of current separation has been programmed and validated with MATLAB/SimulinkR® and implemented on Speedgoat hardware. A shunt resistor is used to measure the current simultaneously with the voltage measurement. Strain-induced current has been successfully extracted from SSPA signal with this method. Numerical simulations show good agreement with experimental data.
© (2014) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Anik Pelletier, Philippe Micheau, and Alain Berry "Implementation of a self-sensing piezoelectric actuator for vibro-acoustic active control", Proc. SPIE 9061, Sensors and Smart Structures Technologies for Civil, Mechanical, and Aerospace Systems 2014, 906149 (10 April 2014); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2044550
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