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4 June 2014 Case study of concealed weapons detection at stand-off distances using a compact, large field-of-view THz camera
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The detection of concealed weapons in crowd situations is a critical need and solutions are being sought after by security agencies at the federal, state and municipal levels. Millimeter waves have been evaluated for these kinds of applications, but the currently available technologies are typically too large and bulky to allow for widespread deployment. Alternatively soft X-rays have been considered but safety issues hinder their acceptance. Terahertz technology is ideally suited for such an application as it has the ability to see through clothing, and offers higher resolution than in the millimeter band, also being more compact. THz photons have lower energy than infrared and do not show the ionizing properties of X-ray radiation. The longer Terahertz waves penetrate deeper into various materials then their visible and infrared counterparts. Though the wavelength is longer it has been shown that high resolution in a small form factor can be obtained in the THz wavebands thanks to the use of small pixel pitch detectors. In this paper, a case study for the use of a compact THz camera for active see-through imaging at stand-off distances is presented. More specifically, the cases of seeing through packages and clothing are analyzed in the perspective of concealed weapons detection. The paper starts with a review of the characteristics of a high resolution THz camera exhibiting small pixel size and large field-of-view. Some laboratory results of concealed object imaging along with details of a concept for live surveillance using a compact see-through imaging system are reviewed.
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Linda E. Marchese, Marc Terroux, Denis Dufour, Martin Bolduc, Claude Chevalier, Francis Généreux, Hubert Jerominek, and Alain Bergeron "Case study of concealed weapons detection at stand-off distances using a compact, large field-of-view THz camera", Proc. SPIE 9083, Micro- and Nanotechnology Sensors, Systems, and Applications VI, 90832G (4 June 2014);

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