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15 May 2014 Optical simulation of photonic random textures for thin-film solar cells
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We investigate light-scattering textures for the application in thin-film solar cells which consist of a random texture, as commonly applied in thin-film solar cells, that are superimposed with a two-dimensional grating structure. Those textures are called photonic random texture. A scalar optical model is applied to describe the light-scattering properties of those textures. With this model, we calculate the angular resolved light scattering into silicon in transmission at the front contact and for reflection at the back contact of a microcrystalline silicon solar cell. A quantity to describe the lighttrapping efficiency is derived and verified by rigorous diffraction theory. We show that this quantity is well suitable to predict the short-circuit current density in the light-trapping regime, where the absorptance is low. By varying the period, height and shape of the unit cell, we optimize the grating structure with respect to the total generated current density. The maximal predicted improvement in the spectral range from 600-900 nm is found to be about 3 mA/cm2 compared to the standard random texture and about 6 mA/cm2 compared to a flat solar cell.
© (2014) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
K. Bittkau and A. Hoffmann "Optical simulation of photonic random textures for thin-film solar cells", Proc. SPIE 9140, Photonics for Solar Energy Systems V, 91400L (15 May 2014);

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