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2 March 2015 Axial resolution improvement in spectral domain optical coherence tomography using a depth-adaptive maximum-a-posterior framework
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Abstract
The axial resolution of Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography (SD-OCT) images degrades with scanning depth due to the limited number of pixels and the pixel size of the camera, any aberrations in the spectrometer optics and wavelength dependent scattering and absorption in the imaged object [1]. Here we propose a novel algorithm which compensates for the blurring effect of these factors of the depth-dependent axial Point Spread Function (PSF) in SDOCT images. The proposed method is based on a Maximum A Posteriori (MAP) reconstruction framework which takes advantage of a Stochastic Fully Connected Conditional Random Field (SFCRF) model. The aim is to compensate for the depth-dependent axial blur in SD-OCT images and simultaneously suppress the speckle noise which is inherent to all OCT images. Applying the proposed depth-dependent axial resolution enhancement technique to an OCT image of cucumber considerably improved the axial resolution of the image especially at higher imaging depths and allowed for better visualization of cellular membrane and nuclei. Comparing the result of our proposed method with the conventional Lucy-Richardson deconvolution algorithm clearly demonstrates the efficiency of our proposed technique in better visualization and preservation of fine details and structures in the imaged sample, as well as better speckle noise suppression. This illustrates the potential usefulness of our proposed technique as a suitable replacement for the hardware approaches which are often very costly and complicated.
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Ameneh Boroomand, Bingyao Tan, Alexander Wong, and Kostadinka Bizheva "Axial resolution improvement in spectral domain optical coherence tomography using a depth-adaptive maximum-a-posterior framework", Proc. SPIE 9312, Optical Coherence Tomography and Coherence Domain Optical Methods in Biomedicine XIX, 931241 (2 March 2015); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2081493
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