A route for functionalization of these substrates for chemical and biological speciation and separation was examined using carbon nanoparticles. The nanoparticles were produced using pulsed laser ablation in liquid (PLAL) which has been reported as a fast and adaptable method for nanoparticle production. The nanoparticles produced were using transmission electron microscopy while the coating of substrates with these CNPs was examined using SEM. These results are discussed in the context of development of a new route for achieving surfaces optimized for microfluidicbased separations and speciation.
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