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27 February 2015 Power-efficient carrier-depletion SOI Mach-Zehnder modulators for 4x25Gbit/s operation in the O-band
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Proceedings Volume 9367, Silicon Photonics X; 93670D (2015) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2078364
Event: SPIE OPTO, 2015, San Francisco, California, United States
Abstract
In this paper, we communicate on the design, fabrication, and testing of optical modulators for Silicon-based photonic integrated circuits (Si-PICs) in the O-band (1.31 μm), targeting the 100GBASE-LR4 norm (4 wavelengths at 25 Gbit/s). The modulators have been conceived to be later coupled with hybrid-III-V/Si lasers as well as echelle grating multiplexer, to create a hetero-integrated optical transmitter on a silicon-on-insulator (SOI) platform. The devices are based on a Mach-Zehnder Interferometer (MZI) architecture, where a p-n junction is implanted to provide optical modulation through carrier depletion. A detailed study focusing on the best doping scheme for the junction, aimed at optimizing the overall transmitter performance and power-efficiency is presented. In detail, the trade-off between low optical losses and high modulation efficiency is tackled, with a targeted CMOS-compatible voltage drive of 2.5 V. Process simulations of the junction are realized for the doping profile optimization. Modulators of different lengths are also investigated to study the compromise between extinction ratio, insertion losses and bandwidth. Furthermore, coplanar-strip (SGS) travelling-wave electrodes are designed to maximize the bandwidth, to reach the targeted bit rate of 25 Gbit/s. Measurements show modulation efficiencies up to 19 °/mm (or 2.4 V.cm) for a 2.5 V input voltage, with doping-related losses below 1 dB/mm, in line with theoretical estimates, and well-suited to enhance the Si-PIC transmission and power-efficiency. Finally, an electro-optical (EO) bandwidth at 1.25 V bias is measured above 28 GHz.
© (2015) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Thomas Ferrotti, Alain Chantre, Benjamin Blampey, Hélène Duprez, Frédéric Milesi, André Myko, Corrado Sciancalepore, Karim Hassan, Julie Harduin, Charles Baudot, Sylvie Menezo, Frédéric Boeuf, and Badhise Ben Bakir "Power-efficient carrier-depletion SOI Mach-Zehnder modulators for 4x25Gbit/s operation in the O-band", Proc. SPIE 9367, Silicon Photonics X, 93670D (27 February 2015); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2078364
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