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3 March 2016 Frequency range selection method of trans-impedance amplifier for high sensitivity lock-in amplifier used in the optical sensors
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Abstract
Lock-in amplifier (LIA) has been proposed as a detection technique for optical sensors because it can measure low signal in high noise level. LIA uses synchronous method, so the input signal frequency is locked to a reference frequency that is used to carry out the measurements. Generally, input signal frequency of LIA used in optical sensors is determined by modulation frequency of optical signal. It is important to understand the noise characteristics of the trans-impedance amplifier (TIA) to determine the modulation frequency. The TIA has a frequency range in which noise is minimized by the capacitance of photo diode (PD) and the passive component of TIA feedback network. When the modulation frequency is determined in this range, it is possible to design a robust system to noise. In this paper, we propose a method for the determination of optical signal modulation frequency selection by using the noise characteristics of TIA. Frequency response of noise in TIA is measured by spectrum analyzer and minimum noise region is confirmed. The LIA and TIA circuit have been designed as a hybrid circuit. The optical sensor is modeled by the laser diode (LD) and photo diode (PD) and the modulation frequency was used as the input to the signal generator. The experiments were performed to compare the signal to noise ratio (SNR) of the minimum noise region and the others. The results clearly show that the SNR is enhanced in the minimum noise region of TIA.
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Chang-In Park, Su-Jin Jeon, Nam-Pyo Hong, and Young-Wan Choi "Frequency range selection method of trans-impedance amplifier for high sensitivity lock-in amplifier used in the optical sensors", Proc. SPIE 9751, Smart Photonic and Optoelectronic Integrated Circuits XVIII, 975113 (3 March 2016); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2212415
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