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27 April 2016 Random lasers for lab-on-chip applications
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Random lasers are laser sources in which the feedback is provided by scattering instead of reflection and which, for this reason, do not require surfaces with optical finish such as mirrors. The investigation of such lasing action in a large variety of disordered materials is a subject of high interest with very important applications such as threedimensional and speckle-free imaging, detection of cancer tissue and photonic coding and encryption. However, potential applications require optimization of random laser performance especially with respect to optical efficiency and directionality or brightness. This work demonstrates such an optimization procedure with the goal of achieving a random laser with sufficient efficiency and brightness in order to be used in practical applications. Two random lasers are demonstrated, one solid and on liquid, that fulfil directionality and efficiency requirements. The first one consists of a neodymium doped powder laser with a record slope efficiency of 1.6%. The second one is a liquid random laser injected into a HC-ARROW waveguide which uses a microchannel connected to a much larger reservoir in order to achieve the necessary directionality. Both devices can be produced by low cost fabricating technologies and easily integrated into next-generation, lab-on-chip devices used for in-situ determination of infectious tropical diseases, which is the main goal of this project.
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J. M. Giehl, F. Butzbach, K. C. Jorge, M. A. Alvarado, M. N. P. Carreño, M. I. Alayo , and N. U. Wetter "Random lasers for lab-on-chip applications", Proc. SPIE 9893, Laser Sources and Applications III, 989314 (27 April 2016);

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