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11 October 2017 Model-based thermal system design optimization for the James Webb Space Telescope
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Spacecraft thermal model validation is normally performed by comparing model predictions with thermal test data and reducing their discrepancies to meet the mission requirements. Based on thermal engineering expertise, the model input parameters are adjusted to tune the model output response to the test data. The end result is not guaranteed to be the best solution in terms of reduced discrepancy and the process requires months to complete. A model-based methodology was developed to perform the validation process in a fully automated fashion and provide mathematical bases to the search for the optimal parameter set that minimizes the discrepancies between model and data. The methodology was successfully applied to several thermal subsystems of the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST). Global or quasiglobal optimal solutions were found and the total execution time of the model validation process was reduced to about two weeks. The model sensitivities to the parameters, which are required to solve the optimization problem, can be calculated automatically before the test begins and provide a library for sensitivity studies. This methodology represents a crucial commodity when testing complex, large-scale systems under time and budget constraints. Here, results for the JWST Core thermal system will be presented in detail.
© 2017 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE) 2329-4124/2017/$25.00 © 2017 SPIE
Giuseppe Cataldo, Malcolm B. Niedner, Dale J. Fixsen, and Samuel H. Moseley "Model-based thermal system design optimization for the James Webb Space Telescope," Journal of Astronomical Telescopes, Instruments, and Systems 3(4), 044002 (11 October 2017).
Received: 16 June 2017; Accepted: 19 September 2017; Published: 11 October 2017


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