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26 January 2019 Near-infrared transmittance enhancement using fully conformal antireflective structured surfaces on microlenses fabricated by direct laser writing
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Abstract
Structured surfaces composed of subwavelength-sized features offer multifunctional properties including antireflective characteristics that are increasingly important for the development of micro-optical components. Here, three-dimensional (3-D) direct laser writing, via two-photon polymerization, is used to fabricate planoconvex spherical microlenses with antireflective structured surfaces. The surfaces are composed of subwavelength-sized conicoid structures, which are arranged fully conformal to the convex surface of the microlenses. The dimensions of the conicoid structures are optimized to effectively reduce Fresnel reflection loss over a wide band in the near-infrared spectral range from 1.4 to 2.2  μm, with a maximum reduction at 1.55  μm. Infrared reflection and transmission measurements are used, in combination with 3-D finite element calculations, to investigate the performance of the microlenses. The experimental results reveal that in the spectral range from 1.4 to 2.2  μm an effective suppression of the Fresnel reflection loss at the convex surface of spherical microlenses can be achieved. The transmittance enhancement is ranging from 1% to 3% for spherical microlenses with antireflective structured surfaces, in comparison to an uncoated reference.
© 2019 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE) 0091-3286/2019/$25.00 © 2019 SPIE
Yanzeng Li, Serang Park, Daniel B. Fullager, Darrell Childers, Menelaos K. Poutous, Ishwar D. Aggarwal, Glenn Boreman, and Tino Hofmann "Near-infrared transmittance enhancement using fully conformal antireflective structured surfaces on microlenses fabricated by direct laser writing," Optical Engineering 58(1), 010501 (26 January 2019). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.OE.58.1.010501
Received: 8 November 2018; Accepted: 4 January 2019; Published: 26 January 2019
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