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2 March 2021 Design, calibration, and application of a cryogenic low-background infrared radiometer for spectral irradiance and radiance measurements from 4- to 20-μm wavelength
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Abstract

We have constructed, calibrated, and tested a cryogenic low-background infrared (IR) radiometer for both spectral radiance and irradiance measurements over the 4- to 20-μm wavelength range. The primary purpose of the Missile Defense Transfer Radiometer (MDXR) is to measure absolute irradiance or radiance from cryogenic IR test chamber sources using a photoconductive Si:As blocked-impurity band (BIB) detector and a set of spectral filters. The MDXR also includes an absolute cryogenic radiometer (ACR) and a Fourier-transform spectrometer (FTS). For irradiance measurements, the ACR is used to provide the primary power scale for the BIB detector in conjunction with spectral filters, whereas the FTS/BIB configuration derives its scale from an internal blackbody source. The two measurement scales show agreement for the irradiance of highly collimated (<1  mrad) IR beams from 10  −  13 to 10  −  8  W  /  μm  /  cm2 within the combined relative uncertainties of 2.6% (coverage factor k  =  1.) We have also calibrated the radiometer for radiance measurements using a large cavity fluid bath blackbody that overfills the spatial and angular extent of the radiometer entrance pupil. The radiometric calibration uncertainty analysis of the radiometer and its maintenance and stability are discussed.

© 2021 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE) 0091-3286/2021/$28.00 © 2021 SPIE
Simon G. Kaplan, Solomon I. Woods, Eric L. Shirley, Adriaan C. Carter, Timothy M. Jung, James E. Proctor, Dale R. Sears, and Jinan Zeng "Design, calibration, and application of a cryogenic low-background infrared radiometer for spectral irradiance and radiance measurements from 4- to 20-μm wavelength," Optical Engineering 60(3), 034102 (2 March 2021). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.OE.60.3.034102
Received: 8 December 2020; Accepted: 10 February 2021; Published: 2 March 2021
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