In this paper, we performed numerical and experimental study of the stability of bismuth-doped high-GeO2 glass core fiber used as an active medium in lasers operating in the wavelength region 1600 - 1800 nm. Mainly, we focus on the investigation of the joint effects of temperature and pumping radiation on the spectroscopic and laser characteristics of the fibers. Temporal evolution of the degradation of bismuth-related active centers (BACs) under pumping at 1550 nm, as well as the annealing of the fibers at temperature ranging from 300 to 550 °C was experimentally revealed and studied. A model describing the photochemical processes of the transformation of the BACs at different ambient conditions was proposed and used to make a long-term prediction of the dynamics of the process. The ability to simulate the long-term behavior of the medium might be instrumental since direct measurements are time consuming and therefore impractical. In addition, we performed numerical simulation to find out how the effect of photoinduced degradation of BACs affects the performance of a laser based on this type of fibers.
A bismuth-doped fiber amplifier (BDFA) operating between 1650 nm and 1700 nm will be presented. This wavelength region is particularly interesting due to potential application is laser-based methane detection. However, typical output power from laser diodes operating in this spectral region is only between 5 and 15 mW which may limit sensitivity and/or detection range in some spectroscopic systems. Application of fiber amplifiers could help to overcome these limitations. BDFA presented in this paper provides output powers up to 80 mW at 1651 nm and 100 mW at 1687 nm. We analyze the noise at the output of the amplifier and demonstrate its application to photothermal spectroscopy of methane near 1651 nm.
An all-fiber ultrafast dissipative soliton laser at 1.3 microns based on phoshosilicate fiber doped with bismuth is presented. A nonlinear optical loop mirror containing high-germanium fiber with high nonlinearity and large positive dispersion was used. The scheme yields 11.3 ps pulses with energy of 1.7 nJ at repetition rate of 3.5 MHz. By means of bismuth-doped fiber amplifier and diffraction gratings compressor, the pulses were amplified up to 8.5nJ and compressed down to 530 fs. To achieve best results the optimal bismuth active fiber was chosen according to the investigated dependence of the gain coefficient on bismuth active centers concentration in phosphosilicate fibers.