Implementation of hybrid scanning system in wide and narrow angle fields provide high precision positioning of the laser beam in space, fraught with difficulties. Scanning attachment for SRS - lidar system has been developed to perform automated scanning of the test area in the angular field of ± 50. The module performs automated scan of the test area in the angular field of ± 50 on 50-100 m distance. Movement of the laser beam in a spiral occurs due to rotation in one direction wedges with different speeds, which speed is in the range of 50-200 Hz. The laser beam had a divergence of 1.5 mrad. Because the spatial resolution at the outer coils falls compared with the center spiral wedges speeds ratio increases from 0.8 to 0.97, respectively.
According to the current great interest concerning Large-Scale Metrology applications in many different fields of manufacturing industry, technologies and techniques for dimensional measurement have recently shown a substantial improvement. Ease-of-use, logistic and economic issues, as well as metrological performance, are assuming a more and more important role among system requirements. The project is planned to conduct experimental studies aimed at identifying the impact of the application of the basic laws of chip and microlasers as radiators on the linear-angular characteristics of existing measurement systems. The project is planned to conduct experimental studies aimed at identifying the impact of the application of the basic laws of microlasers as radiators on the linear-angular characteristics of existing measurement systems. The system consists of a distributed network-based layout, whose modularity allows to fit differently sized and shaped working volumes by adequately increasing the number of sensing units. Differently from existing spatially distributed metrological instruments, the remote sensor devices are intended to provide embedded data elaboration capabilities, in order to share the overall computational load.
We discuss implementation of the combined node scanning SRS lidar system for high-speed and high spatial resolution (about 3 cm) scanning in wide and narrow angle at a distance of 50-100 m. Narrowband scanning is performed by the deflector moving along a spiral path. Rotating angle wedges of the deflector deviate a beam by an angle of ± 50. This design constitutes an "optical reduction" wedge between the steering angle and the deflection angle of the optical axis and allows 15 ' positioning accuracy. overview of the entire study area for no more than 1 ms at a frequency of rotation of each of the wedges of 50-200 Hz. Unambiguous definition of the geographical coordinates of the probed object is achieved by using high-precision GPS-module and the Vincenty's algorithms. It allows to build a 3D spatial distribution of concentrations of air pollutants.
Metal corrosion is the main problem of all metal constructions and buildings. Annual losses resulting from corrosion in industrialized countries are estimated in the range from 2% to 4 % of gross national product. We used a CW fiber laser with the wavelength of 1064 nm and a power up to 18,4 W for laser irradiation of metal surfaces. We report on the optimal treatment of the metal corrosion with laser power density in the range of 93,3÷ 95,5 W/cm2. After the process of laser treatment of steel surface we observe decreased roughness of steel and a small change in its chemical composition. There was an active research of new ways to improve the surface properties of metals and to increase the corrosion resistance. One of the breakthrough methods to protect the material against corrosion is laser treatment. We used a CW fiber laser operating at 1064 nm with up to 18,4 W output power. Experimentally, the samples (steel plates) were irradiated by laser for 35 seconds. Surface treatment of metal was provided at a room temperature and a relative air humidity of 55%. The impact of laser radiation on the surface has contributed to a small change of its chemical composition. It forms protective fluoride coating on the metal surface. The laser radiation significantly increased the concentration of fluorine in the metal from 0.01 atom. % to 5.24 atom. %. The surface roughness of steel has changed from 3.66 μ to 2.66 μ. Protective coatings with best resistance to corrosion were obtained with laser power density in a range of 93.3 W/cm2 to 95.5 W/cm2.
Zinc oxide films are used as a photovoltaic transparent electrodes for current collection. They are a good substitute for expensive transparent electrodes on the basis of Indium tin oxide. The ZnO films fabricated with a certain morphology of the structure are able to act as a light diffuser. When passing through a layer of this material solar radiation quantum changes its trajectory, so dispersion of radiation occurs, which leads to an increase in the optical path of the particle in the photoactive structure.
As a result of the research the following methods have been proposed for controlling harmful microorganisms: sterilization of water by laser radiation at wavelengths of 425 nm, 355 nm and 308 nm. The results of theoretical and experimental studies on the development and establishment of a system of ultraviolet disinfection of water for injection (UFOVI) intended for research sterilized water for injections. The pipe created a strong turbulent water flow. Performance irradiation laminar flow of 1.5 liters per second. Irradiation was carried out at three wavelengths 425 nm, 355 nm and 308 nm with energies semiconductor laser diode arrays to 4 MJ / cm3. Wavelength tuning implemented current in the range of 10 nm. For large capacities, we have developed a miniature solid state laser, which was used in fluid microorganisms inactivator. In the water treatment process breaks up to 98% of microbes, but can be left among pathogenic viruses destruction which requires special handling.
The research of seed sowing qualities demonstrates the considerable influence of laser irradiation on seeds of different species that are essential for the forestry of Russian Federation. For experiment, we used seeds of Spruce fir (Pícea ábies) and Siberian larch (Lárix sibírica). The seeds were exposed to radiation of the following wavelengths: 405 nm 500 mW, 450 nm 3000 mW, 532 nm 550 mW, 640 nm 1000 mW. The results show that laser exposure of seeds has positive impact on growth rate, technical germination ability, root formation, and more over on establishment and root formation while grafting. In experiments is obtained increasing germination by 15% and the germination time to 10%.
Experimental results presented in this study tends to explore viruses in the water for their further decontamination under the influence of laser radiation (λ=220-390 nm). Conducted a series of experiments to study the dependence of water quality from the effects of laser radiation. Correlation between degree of survival of viruses and power density. The results showed that all the analyzed samples of water is clearing from bacteria to 98%. Preliminary tests of the prototype laboratory system UFOVI has opened up new opportunities for water sterilizing.
The experimental results presented in this study focused on the study of biological processes caused by exposure to the coating layers of the laser green light seed (λ = 532 nm) range for the larch, violet (λ = 405 nm) and red (λ = 640 nm) for spruce. Spend a series of experiments to study the dependence of crop seed quality (spruce and larch from the pine family) from exposure to laser radiation under different conditions. In all the analyzed groups studied seed germination and growth of seedlings exposed to laser exposure, compared with the control group. The results showed that the higher percentage of germination than seeds of the control group.
Currently there is a situation that makes it difficult to provide the population with quality drinking water for the sanitary-hygienic requirements. One of the urgent problems is the need for water disinfection. Since the emergence of microorganisms that are pathogens transmitted through water such as typhoid, cholera, etc. requires constant cleansing of waters against pathogenic bacteria. In the water treatment process is destroyed up to 98% of germs, but among the remaining can be pathogenic viruses, the destruction of which requires special handling. As a result, the conducted research the following methods have been proposed for combating harmful microorganisms: sterilization of water by laser radiation and using a UV lamp.
The experimental results presented in this study are the early studies of germination on the example of Picea abies and were aimed at testing the germination of seeds and the development of morphology, caused a therapeutic effect on the laser radiation field in the early stages of development under the action of ultraviolet and red light in the spectral range of 405 nm and 640 nm. A set of seeds irradiated at various energy doses within the same time. The experimental results analyzed in parallel with control group. In all analyzed seeds were studied the germination and growth of seedlings. The results showed that the percentage of germination higher than control group Samanids all of the recurrence options.