Photoactive materials hold great promise for a variety of applications. We present a finite element model of light-controlled flexible magnetic composite structure composed of 33.3% Chromium dioxide (CrO2) and 66.7% Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) by weight. The structure has a dimension of 8 mm × 2 mm × 100 μm and has been previously experimentally studied. Due to the low Curie temperature, the structure acts as an actuator, shows significant deflection under the external magnetic field and relaxation due to laser heating. Thermal and magnetic deflection analysis has been performed using the FEM model. The simulation results show a maximum structural deflection of 6.08 mm (76% of the length of the structure) when subjected to 30 mT magnetic flux density and 160 mW laser power at 303 K (room temperature). We will present the results of the simulation model and comparison to experimental data reproducing the previously observed motion of the (CrO2+PDMS). This model will enable future fracture and fatigue analysis as well as extension to new photoactive geometries.
Horizontal spot size converter required for horizontal light coupling and vertical bridge structure required for vertical integration are designed on high index contrast SOI platform in order to form more compact integrated photonic circuits. Both the structures are based on the concept of multimode interference. The spot size converter can be realized by successive integration of multimode interference structures with reducing dimension on horizontal plane, whereas the optical bridge structure consists of a number of vertical multimode interference structure connected by single mode sections. The spot size converter can be modified to a spot profile converter when the final single mode waveguide is replaced by a slot waveguide. Analysis have shown that by using three multimode sections in a spot size converter, an Gaussian input having spot diameter of 2.51 μm can be converted to a spot diameter of 0.25 μm. If the output single mode section is replaced by a slot waveguide, this input profile can be converted to a flat top profile of width 50 nm. Similarly, vertical displacement of 8μm is possible by using a combination of two multimode sections and three single mode sections in the vertical bridge structure. The analyses of these two structures are carried out for both TE and TM modes at 1550 nm wavelength using the semi analytical matrix method which is simple and fast in computation time and memory. This work shows that the matrix method is equally applicable for analysis of horizontally as well as vertically integrated photonic circuit.