In this work, interferometric silicon chips with monolithically-integrated light-emitting devices coupled to co-integrated monomodal waveguides shaped as Young interferometers through mainstream silicon technology, are presented. Although the light sources are broad-band emitters, Young interferometry is possible through filtering. Chips with arrays of ten multiplexed interferometers have been employed for the label-free determination of pesticides in drinking water currently achieving detection limits in the ng/ml range.
The increasing demand of enhanced sensitivity in the detection of various biochemical analytes paves the way for the development of a new generation of biosensors. Label free multianalyte immunosensing methods utilizing photonic probing have proven to result in better sensitivity and reliability than other types of biosensing methods. Here we described a monolithic silicon optoelectronic transducer capable of label-free and multianalyte determinations. The transducer includes ten Mach-Zehnder interferometers each of which is coupled to its own broad band light emitting device. The adlayers on the sensing arm cause spectral shifts detected at the output of the interferometers by coupling a portable spectrometer through an external fiber. Fourier transform techniques are employed to determine with a high degree of accuracy the shifts of the sinusoidal spectral outputs. The microphotonic chip was integrated with a microfluidic module and a model binding assay (mouse-antimouse) was run to demonstrate the operation.