There has been increasing interest during the last several years in the development of unmanned vehicles. A large
number of such vehicles are soon going to play a major role in defense and security in a battlefield environment. The
objective of the present paper is to ascertain the overall reliability of a large number of unmanned vehicles in the
battlefield. The problem is broken up into two parts, collaboration and coordination of unmanned vehicle network.
Collaboration is the communication between a set of unmanned vehicles which are likely to move in a group.
Coordination is the movement of one group of unmanned vehicle from one source node to another destination node
keeping in view the obstacles and the difficulties in the movement of path. This paper utilizes the existing well known
techniques in the literature for finding the node and terminal reliabilities. These can further be used to obtain the system
reliability of unmanned vehicle network. Fuzzy rules based on experience from past are suggested for the
implementations. A simulation of ground vehicle network having node, branch and terminal simulations is given. It is
hoped that the technique proposed here will prove useful in developing future approaches for ascertaining overall
reliability of unmanned ground networks.
Proc. SPIE. 7705, Modeling and Simulation for Defense Systems and Applications V
KEYWORDS: Sensors, Ceramics, Nondestructive evaluation, Field programmable gate arrays, Data acquisition, Signal processing, System identification, Very large scale integration, Fuzzy logic, Fuzzy systems
Interest has been shown in the problem of real-time crack detection, crack extent measurement and the identification of
the impact source causing the damage. A solution to the problem of impact source identification is presented using a
signal processing technique employing piezoelectric sensors. In order to detect the crack and to identify the source of the
impact, the Fuzzy logic approach is suggested. Based on the FLA approach, a procedure to develop the rule base is
given. The implementation of the rules is done using Hardware Description Languages (HDL) such as Verilog. The
procedure from Verilog to VLSI implementation is suggested. FPGA implementation and testing of the suggested
procedure is included. The problems for the future work on the development of VLSI to measure the crack and identify
the impact sources are given.
Problem of crack detection has attracted the attention of several investigators in the areas like defense, aeronautics, and
marine industries. In this paper we suggest fuzzy logic approach for detection of cracks and also deciding about the
severity of the crack. The data obtained from data acquisition system is processed and results presented by using various
software. Fuzzy rules are developed to determine the severity of the crack and a light controller used to indicate the
severity of the crack. The simplicity of the approach makes it very useful in many fields.
There is an increasing interest in the army of small unmanned robots taking part in defense operations. It is considered
important to predict the reliability of the group of robots taking part in different operations. A group of robots have both
coordination and collaboration. The robot operations are considered as a network graph whose system reliability can be
determined with the help of different techniques. Once a specified reliability is achieved the commander controlling the
operation can take appropriate action. This paper gives a simulation which can determine the system reliability of the
robotic systems having collaboration and coordination. The procedure developed is based on binary decision diagrams to
obtain a disjoint Boolean expression. The procedure is applicable for any number of nodes and the branches. For
illustration purposes reliability of simple circuits like series network, parallel network, series-parallel and non-series
parallel network are illustrated. It is hoped that more work in this area will lead to the development of algorithms which
will be ultimately used for a real time environment.
Critical role of unmanned intelligent ground vehicles is evident from variety of defense applications. Fuzzy Reliability
predicts reliability of the convoy of unmanned vehicles represented as a communication network with nodes as vehicle
station and branches as path between the stations. Fuzzy Reliability affirms the performance of the system. Fuzzy
reliability of a convoy of vehicles is the result of Fuzzy and Boolean approaches. The node and branch reliability is
calculated using the Fuzzy approach. The terminal reliability is calculated using Boolean algebra. Software
implementation of the fuzzy reliability is successfully done. To improve the performance evaluation of the convoy, node
failure i.e. failure of convoy station is also taken into consideration. Depending upon the reliability predicted a
commander can take appropriate decision in the battlefield. Proposed algorithm determines all paths from source to
destination and Boolean expressions are formed. A non-overlapping simplification is obtained and further transformed
into mathematical expression, where reliability values are substituted. The results of design, implementation and
simulation of the reliability of convoy of unmanned vehicles are given. It is hoped that the proposed algorithm and its
implementation will be useful for sensor network in general and graph of unmanned vehicles in particular.
With the increasing need of unmanned ground vehicles for combat applications, the collaboration and
coordination of these vehicles have become important design considerations. Both collaboration and
coordination require a large number of sensors. These sensors form a network. The complexity of such
network is very important in the design stage. The objective of this paper is to give a new definition of
complexity which can be used for design and implementation of sensor networks. Algorithms for predicting
the complexity for sensor network are proposed. The implementation of the proposed algorithm is given.
A number of research workers have applied intelligent approaches for robotic applications. In the recent literature there is an increasing role of fuzzy and Neuro fuzzy approaches for unmanned vehicles. Both these approaches are based on intelligent rules. However for these applications the rules become very large and so computational time is very high. It is important to explore the approaches so as to reduce the computation time. In this paper a combination of factor analysis and clustering approaches is suggested so as to reduce the number of rules. The factor analysis can be used to reduce the number of parameters while clustering approach can be used to reduce the number of observations. Based on this methodology a new algorithm is developed which reduces the original parameters and observations into a set of new data. An algorithm is proposed and applied on a real robotic data available in a previous paper. Some of the applications for future work are proposed.
Unmanned intelligent ground vehicles play significant role in wide range of applications. They are of great significance in military applications as well as other commercial applications. In order to assure the performance of unmanned intelligent vehicles, it is important to predict the reliability of the system. Reliability can be calculated using different approaches as seen in the literature, but we propose a Graph theoretic approach supported by Fuzzy and Neuro-Fuzzy approaches for predicting the node and branch reliability of the system. We portray the convoy of unmanned vehicles as a communication network where the nodes represent the station of the convoy of unmanned intelligent vehicles and the branches would represent the path between two stations. The node and branch reliability is calculated using the Fuzzy and Neuro Fuzzy approaches. The terminal and system reliability would be calculated using Boolean algebra. Thus the overall system reliability of a convoy of vehicles is the result of Fuzzy, Neuro-Fuzzy and Boolean approaches. A spanning tree based algorithm is proposed for computation of the system reliability of a convoy of vehicles. We also propose to simulate the overall system reliability with some existing data of factors that contribute in computation of node and branch reliability.
Unmanned ground vehicles have a large number of scientific, military and commercial applications. A
convoy of such vehicles can have collaboration and coordination. For the movement of such a convoy, it is
important to predict the reliability of the system. A number of approaches are available in literature which
describes the techniques for determining the reliability of the system. Graph theoretic approaches are
popular in determining terminal reliability and system reliability. In this paper we propose to exploit Fuzzy
and Neuro-Fuzzy approaches for predicting the node and branch reliability of the system while Boolean
algebra approaches are used to determine terminal reliability and system reliability. Hence a combination of
intelligent approaches like Fuzzy, Neuro-Fuzzy and Boolean approaches is used to predict the overall
system reliability of a convoy of vehicles. The node reliabilities may correspond to the collaboration of
vehicles while branch reliabilities will determine the terminal reliabilities between different nodes. An
algorithm is proposed for determining the system reliabilities of a convoy of vehicles. The simulation of the
overall system is proposed. Such simulation should be helpful to the commander to take an appropriate
action depending on the predicted reliability in different terrain and environmental conditions. It is hoped
that results of this paper will lead to more important techniques to have a reliable convoy of vehicles in a battlefield.
There is an increasing interest in the use of a convoy of unmanned intelligent vehicles for defense and security. These vehicles have a number of sensors associated with them. It is very important to have a highly reliable sensor network so as to determine the dynamic reliability of the intelligent vehicle system for a safe battlefield environment. The mobility, path planning and navigation of such convoy of vehicles are in the state of infancy. However, it is considered important to develop the reliability techniques so that a commander in the battle of field can predict the reliability of the various stages of the movement of the convoy. He can then take decisions depending on reliabilities determined at various places and time. In this paper a combination of intelligent techniques like fuzzy and Boolean algebra techniques are exploited to determine the reliability of the network in the battlefield. The branches of reliabilities are determined using intelligent approaches like fuzzy logic while terminal reliabilities are determined using Boolean algebra. Based on this approach, a new algorithm is proposed in determining the dynamic reliability of convoy of unmanned intelligent vehicles. Such an approach will help in the collaboration and coordination of the convoy of vehicles.