SING is a near ultraviolet (NUV) spectrograph with a size close to 6U CubeSat form-factor. The spectrograph operates in the wavelength range from 1800 Å to 3000 Å, with a spectral resolution of 2 Å at the central wavelength. The spectrograph is intended to operate in low Earth orbit (LEO), with the primary goal to generate spectral maps of the regions of the sky covered within the field of view (FOV) of the instrument, constrained by the orbital inclination of the spacecraft. The payload consists of the telescope in Cassegrain configuration focusing the light on the slit, the corrector lens, the concave grating, the detector, and other required electronics components. As the event rate in the UV is low, the spectrograph employs a photon-counting detector because of its low noise performance. The payload uses FPGA as the main system controller to handle the detector readout, data compression and storage, health monitoring, and telemetry. In this work, we present the optical design and its analysis, along with a brief description of the architecture of electronic subsystems of the payload.
Spatial Heterodyne Spectroscopy (SHS) is a relatively novel interferometric technique similar to Fourier transform spectroscopy and shares design similarities with a Michelson Interferometer. An Imaging detector is used at the output of a SHS to record the spatially heterodyned interference pattern. The spectrum of the source is obtained by Fourier transforming the recorded interferogram. The merits of the SHS -its design, including the lack of moving parts, compactness, high throughput, high SNR and instantaneous spectral measurements - makes it suitable for space as well as ground observatories. The small bandwidth limitation of the SHS can be overcome by building it in tunable configuration (Tunable Spatial Heterodyne Spectrometer(TSHS)). In this paper, we describe the wavelength calibration of the tunable SHS using a Halogen lamp and Andor monochromator setup. We found a relation between the fringe frequency and the wavelength.
The Lunar Ultraviolet Cosmic Imager (LUCI) is an innovative all-spherical mirrors telescope, proposed to fly as a scientific UV imaging payload on a lunar mission in collaboration with Indian Aerospace Company-TeamIndus, Axiom Research Labs Pvt. Ltd. Observations from the Moon provide a unique opportunity to observe the sky from a stable platform far above the Earths atmosphere. LUCI will observe at a fixed elevation angle and will detect stars in the near ultraviolet (200-320 nm) to a limiting magnitude of 12 AB, with a field of view of around 0.5 degrees. The primary science goal is to search for transient sources and flag them for further study. The instrument has been assembled in the class 1000 clean room at the M.G.K Menon Laboratory for Space Sciences. Here we will describe the optomechanical assembly procedures we have carried out during the optical alignment and integration of the payload. Opto-mechanical alignment of the instrument was carried out by using alignment telescope cum autocollimator (for coarse alignment) and ZYGO interferometer (fine alignment). We will also discuss the ground calibration tests performed on the assembled telescope. The results from the ground calibration activities will help in establishing the full calibration matrix of the instrument once operational.